Plurals

Plurals

In English, the plural be made suffixing -s to the noun:

  • Cat => Cats

English doesn't expresses gender of the noun.

  • A cat = un gatto / una gatta
  • A he-cat = un gatto
  • A she-cat = una gatta

The words ending with s, ss, x, ch, z, sh, o add -es instead of -s:

  • watch => watches
  • box => boxes
  • kiss => kisses
  • tomato => tomatoes

The words ending with -y add -ies instead of -s:

  • Baby => babies

except boy (boys) and day (days).

Twelve (important) words ending with -f -fe have their plural with the voiced consonant -ves:

  • Shelf => shelves
  • half => halves
  • wife => wives
  • life => lives
  • wolf => wolves
  • self => selves
  • calf => calves
  • leaf => leaves
  • loaf => loaves
  • thief => thieves
  • sheaf => sheaves

Others exceptions:

  • foot => feet
  • tooth => teeth
  • goose => geese
  • mouse => mice
  • louse => lice
  • man/woman => men/women
  • ox => oxen
  • child => children

"plurialia tantum"

  • clothes
  • premises
  • quarters
  • alms
  • credentials
  • pajamas (binary)
  • pants (binary)
  • glasses (bin.)
  • trousers (bin.)
  • scales (bin.)
  • mathematics
  • physics

"singularia tantum"

  • salmon
  • fish
  • squid
  • cod
  • trout
  • deer
  • aircraft (fleet of airplane)
  • advice
  • information
  • baggage
  • luggage
  • furniture
  • knowledge
  • rubbish
  • footwear

nouns that seem singulars, but are plurals

  • people
  • police
  • offspring
  • cattle
  • clergy
  • poultry
  • vermin

collective nouns (plural in British English)

  • family
  • team
  • government
  • committee
  • audience
  • firm
  • association
  • class
  • community
  • company
  • crew
  • crowd
  • jury

uncountable nouns

  • substances (wine, coffee, gold...)
  • abstract nouns (experience, information...)

Dictionary of the day

En It Notes
Shelf piattaforma, scaffale
Loaf pagnotta ...ma anche "oziare"
Goose oca Ah, sister goose!
Louse pidocchio
Ox bue
Premises locale, stabile Only plural
Quarters alloggio Only plural
Alms carità Only plural
Trousers pantaloni Only binary
Scales bilancia Only binary
Squid seppia Only singular
Cod merluzzo Only singular
Cattle bestiame
poultry pollame
crew equipaggio, cricca
crowd calca, ressa